background information
plan synopsis
oceanographic experience
Controlled Ecosystems: Operation Clean Lakes Controlled Ecosystems: Operation Clean Lakes  





Operation Clean Lakes: A Business Plan

Controlled Ecosystems
Reclamation, Depollution Systems & Hatcheries

Copyright 1967,
U.S. Patent Abstract 1980

1967, 1968, 1975, 1980
1990, 1993, 1994, 1996
1997, 2002

Jonathan Lange Cope

  1. Overview
  2. Product Firm
  3. Major Users
  4. Geographical Markets
  1. Site Operation
  1. Actual Reclamation Process
  1. Time Line

  1. Organization
  2. Contingency Force

  1. Estimated Funding Required
  1. Probable Sources Of Funds
  1. Features Attractive To Investors
  1. Estimated Rates Of Returns And Schedule
  1. Planned Allocation Of Major Resources





1. Present Layout LL-1

2. Proposed Reclamation LL-2

B. COPE ENTERPRISE. . . . . . . . A division of CE . . . . . . . . Not furnished with this edition

1. Retainer Casing I

2. Top View taken along the line of B-B of Figure III II

3. Cross-section taken along the line A-A of FIG. II III



A. Overview

Purpose: To restore all bodies of water back to their natural unpolluted states in two phases: Phase I) Reclamation and Filtration, and Phase II) Augmentation of restoration using mariculture and aquaculture systems. Restoration begins with lakes and proceeds in any order with streams, canals, estuaries, bays and intertidal areas. The culmination of reclamation effectuates restoration of all oceans.

Proposal: Begin by reclaiming the lakes of California. As each lake is unique in its existence, each may require a different approach. Regardless, the general treatment will essentially be the same.

Reason For Endeavor: Present-day lakes have become too polluted for safe recreation. Most have entered a state whereby all living things within or whom use them are endangered.

B. Product/Firm

Upon returning from active duty in 1966, I saw our pristine waterways becoming increasingly polluted. I realized then that I had to undertake a most arduous course in my life. In the summer of 1967 I founded Controlled Ecosystems (CE) (then called Controlled Ocean Product Ecosystems - COPE Enterprise) and began my research and invention of filtration and mariculture systems. I started my education in the field of Oceanography to lend credence to and confirm my work. It is my manifest destiny to see that all my time and effort bring this dream to a fruition of reality. Although established as the parent company, COPE Enterprise currently operates as a division of CE and will be the exclusive dealer for the mariculture system designed.

C. Major Users

The general public, Parks and Recreation and Fish and Game Departments have the most to gain from reclamations. Reclamations support the general quality of water, arability of surrounding lands, and tourism. Companies and agencies may also adapt the filtration systems for use to follow government guidelines, restraints, and cleanup policies.

D. Geographical Markets

The master plan is worldwide in scope, but the initial target area and home base will be California.



Time for this project is overly ripe. The public has been mindful to the immediate need of such an undertaking and the outcry is loud. Historically, the government's response has been complacent; but the present administration appears more ecologically concerned than prior administrations. On October 29, 1993 I received a response letter from Vice President Al Gore directing me to the Catalogue of Federal Domestic Assistance, which lists grant monies. When I first ordered this catalogue more than four decades ago it listed over $500 billion in grants potentially available to a company fitting the description of CE. It is time to access these funds for the greater good. I have attempted to coordinate with the Monterey Institute of International Studies (MIIS) to apply for these grants. Yet, I did not have the funds to proceed.

A. The competitive advantage for my company is that, to my knowledge, no one in the world aims to reclaim our lakes this extensively and effectively. The initial support for Operation Clean Lakes is strong. The City Councils, communities and their organizations, National Grant Services, State Water Resource Control Boards, the EPA, Parks and Recreation Departments, U.S. Department of Fish and Game, and MIIS were excited about the prospect of seeing Operation Clean Lakes happen. With specialized and extensive academic education as well as electrical, mechanical and construction skills, I have the knowledge to bring this project together. With the proper funds, I will orchestrate a competent, speedy, and successful reclamation at minimal cost.

B. Thousands of species are lost each year as lakes become polluted. The public is begging for responsible and organized action to protect and revive our essential resources.

C. Once the equipment for completing this task is amassed and used on the pilot lake, a formidable force will be unleashed. If even only one lake per month were reclaimed, it would negate the need for other companies to compete. The initial production of the equipment may be duplicated or franchised so to create sister contingency forces for beginning reclamation in other states and countries.


A. Site Operation

There is an option to buy a manufacturing plant on a ten-acre parcel. This company has the capacity to create, fabricate and produce all the tanks, machinery, and equipment needed in any reclamation process discussed in this proposal or within the scope of CE and the COPE division. Centrally located in the state of California, and within a few miles of a lake targeted for the first reclamation, the manufacturing site is large enough to house and park all the equipment and machinery necessary. The ease of initiating later reclamation projects will make this site an excellent focal point for Operation Clean Lakes.


B. Actual Reclamation Process

First Example or Target Lake: Over time all Lakes have decayed due to pollutants, toxins and bacteria. The odors during drought years are quite foul, and the remaining fauna and flora become extremely endangered.

History: Lake Lodi is drained annually for approximately four months, leaving only a small amount of water in the bottom of the lake. The drainage results when the Woodbridge Irrigation District removes flash boards from the Woodbridge Dam on the Mokolumne River in order to lower the Woodbridge Reservoir. The public is deprived of enjoyment of Lake Lodi and its facilities during this time, as well as intermittently throughout the remainder of the drought years due to polluted conditions.

Procedure: The project at hand is to self-contain the lake from the Mokolumne River which feeds it, and then to restore the environment of the lake. In April 1974 the Spink Corporation performed a Feasibility Report for the Modification of Lodi Lake. This report assessed methods of modifying Lodi Lake to a facility capable of storing water throughout the year. This would enable the extension and enhancement of recreational use through the winter period. The program of reclamation developed by CE will bring to a reality this plan and others like it around the world.

Steps In Reclamation Method of Lodi Lake:

1. Access points connecting the river to the lake. These can be closed by channel locks, causeways, or blockage.

2. The storm drains can be diverted.

3. All flora and fauna will be transferred to holding tanks where harmful parasites can be removed. There, they will be detoxified and contained in maximal conditions for growth and reproduction.

4. The lake will be pumped dry.

5. The sides of the lake will be cleaned by scraping and sand blasting.

6. The bottom of the lake will be excavated and allowed to percolate. Soils have permeability rates that are low for the intended purpose of recharging the groundwater tables through surface percolation at the lake bottom interface. All habitats can then be replaced, enhanced, and augmented where necessary. This will maximize floral and faunal revival and reproduction.


7. Photovoltaic and/or wind-driven generators can be installed to supplement city power for operating pumps and filtration units. .

8. The projected method of refilling and keeping the lake full throughout the year is to place a manual float on the lake surface and fasten it to a rig. A micro switch will detect when the water level drops. When this occurs a water pump will activate and pump water into the lake from a well or adjacent river. Riparian rights will be a determining factor. There is significant concern over operating and maintenance (O&M) costs, and the cost for proper disposal or rendering of filtered pollutants non-toxic.

9. Finally, all flora and fauna will be reintroduced to the lake and the U.S. Wildlife and Fish and Game Department can stock with more flora and fauna. Fish ladders can also be constructed at the river-lake causeway interface for ingress and egress of fish.

10. Any adjacent ponds can be used as a breeding area for frogs, crayfish, and minnows. These organisms would provide a vital food supplement for the lake's fauna, waterfowl, and mammals.

Source Material And Dump Site: A plot of land should be purchased or leased for disposal. The materials will be laid down in an (approximate) one foot thick layer of the lake bottom sediment. The sunlight and aeration are essential for photoactive decomposition of many pollutants. The soil is thus detoxified in large by monthly tilling until it is rendered fertilizer over time.

C. Time Line

Calculations estimate that each reclamation process should take less than a month, with work hours being from 6 AM to 9 PM daily.



A. Organization

Efficient management of crews is essential for a successful and rapid reclamation process. Ideally, a full-time team of qualified employees will be hired to perform all operations. Thus it is imperative that management be consistent and effective in guiding all phases of each project in a professional manner. A backbone crew will be critical during the initial stages of equipment fabrication and setup. The core force should consist of, at most, 20 to 30 persons.

B. Contingency Force

The amount of time donated by individuals will cause the work force to vary in size and expertise. Properly managed, however, such a contingency force will be invaluable.


A. Estimated Funding Required

1. Sale and setup of the manufacturing company will need approximately $375,000.

2. Eighteen-wheelers, flatbed, compartment trailers and associated equipment will be gifted, purchased and/or rented.

Projected Truck Requirements: a) 60 trucks and 120 flatbed or flatbed-tilt trailers (or 60 doubles); b) 20 trucks and 40 compartment trailers (or 20 doubles); c) 20 sand/gravel/dirt dump trucks.

3. Heavy duty equipment, hoppers, and conveyor belt systems will be fabricated, purchased and/or rented as needed.

Projected Heavy Equipment Requirements: a) 4 D-8's or larger (depending on availability), 8 caterpillars, 4 backhoes and 2 graders; b) 6 hoppers and conveyor belt systems; c) 2 pavement/concrete cutters, and an assortment of jack hammers and hand held equipment.

4. Materials for constructing tanks, filtration systems, towers, diversion lines and equipment will be donated or ordered by the manufacturing company. All fabrications will be either performed on site, at the manufacturing company, or subcontracted.


B. Probable Sources Of Funds

It is anticipated that much of the needed capital, equipment and materials are gifted to the initial project by individuals and companies. All other capital should be contributed by local, state, or federal funding and grants. Capital could also be raised through IPO stock offerings.

C. Features Attractive to Investors

1. After this first successful reclamation project, the company may hire itself out on a for-profit basis to a city, state, country, or private landholders.

2. The COPE division (Mariculture Systems) projects the production and marketing of seafood products for-profit as well as the replenishment of coastal depletions and filtration of coastal waters.

3. Any division company of aquaculture systems will generate revenue.

4. There is currently no projected competition for a reclamation company such as Controlled Ecosystems.

5. Demand is worldwide and immediate.

D. Estimated Rates Of Returns And Schedule

To my knowledge there is no other reclamation company of this scope and directive structured. It is, at this point, almost impossible to accurately establish a future profit margin or a schedule of returns. Following the initial reclamation experience, projects can be carried out on more specific projections for cost effectiveness and profit.

E. Planned Allocation Of Major Resources

As discussed above, it is hoped that much contingency workforce, capital, equipment, and materials are gifted to this pilot reclamation project. An alternative is that an individual or corporation will pick up this project partially or in totality.

VI. COPE ENTERPRISE The copyright, patent abstract, summary, illustrations, glossary, and bibliography for the COPE division are complete. These items, as well as the manuscript describing the COPE division, will be available after the CE executive business plan is released.


Published by Jonathan Lange Cope